Pracetamol : use, side effect, Dosage and Price

What is paracetamol ?

Paracetamol is used to treat for reducing fever and mild to moderate pain (from headaches, menstrual periods, toothaches, backaches, osteoarthritis, or cold/flu aches )

Other name of paracetamol is acetaminophe

Paracetamol is available many type

e.i-capsule, capsule liquid filled, elixir, liquid, powder, powder for solution, solution, suppository, suspension, syrup, tablet, tablet chewable, tablet disintegrating, tablet effervescent, tablet extended release

paracetamol in the form of tablet is more stable than other form like liquid.

There are various type of tablets are manufacture in the form of tablet like panadol (gsk),paracip tablets(cipla)

There are many brand of paracetamol is avalible in the market that are quantity are some changes so always read the instruction before use or ask the doctor or a pharmacist.

Don't crush or chew the extent release tablets it can cause side effect.if it happened take patient for doctor advice.
Image of paracetamol tablets
Paracetamol tablet


For effervescent tablets

 Dissolve the tablet in the recommended amount of water, then drink.

Inject able Paracetamol

Pracetamol injection given to the patient when pataint does not take medicine orally or pataint are in uncosious stage 


Side effect of paracetamol

For excessive taken of paracetamol there are many disease are chances
·         * Jaundice (yellow colour on the skin or eyes or nail)
·        *  Dark urine
·        *  Stools colored change(clay)
·        * Low feaver, nausea , stomach pain
·        *  Loss of appetite

     Mechanism of action paracetamol

Paracetamol is rapidly and almost completely absorbed orally at time between 30-60 minutes, and bound with plasma protein about 25% ,paracetamol is widely distributed in the body ,paracetamol is metabolized in the liver,plasma half life (t1/2) is 2-3 hours , paracetamol is excreted in urine ,clearance value is 5 ml/kg/min.


Dosage of paracetamol


Paracetamol dose is vary between age group
For the infrant , small baby  according to its weight and age group.
Paracetamol usual dose is 15 mg per kilogram of weight. according to weight dosage is decided .this dose is given to children every 4 to 6 hour for 24 hours.
Don’t give the excess amount dose to children it cause over dose.

For adult group  1000 mg tablet take one time and maximum amount 4000 mg /day
structure of paracetamol
structure of paracetamol

Drug interaction

Drug interaction may change your medicine work it may increase effect of drug or reduce the drug effect.
Paracetamol may interact with the drug ketoconazole.

About Paracetamol


Paracetamol is under NSAIDs(Non striodal antiinflamatory drug )
There are many drug are come under this category like Ibuprofen , Naproxen ,Ketoprofen and nimesulide .
When paracetamol does not work you can give all this above drug .

Price of Paracetamol

Actually price of pracetamol tablet in india in between 0.5  to 3 rupees,
But the liquid paracetamol like suspension  100 ml are stating 20 to 60 rupees.
Price of paracetamol is depended on brand or manufacture company

I can explain you by simple example
Calpol 500 mg tablets price is 19.60 rs/15 tab manufacture by gsk
Cemol 500 mg tablets price is 4.50 rs /10 tab manufacture by Inga laboratories pvt. Ltd .

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Pracetamol : use, side effect, Dosage and Price Pracetamol : use, side effect, Dosage and  Price Reviewed by aboutmedicine on 12:35 Rating: 5

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